David Hockney (1937 − )

David Hockney was born in Bradford. He studied at the local art college and at the Royal College of Art in London, where he was awarded the Gold Medal. His career was launched on the crest of the Pop Art wave and his work and personality attracted a degree of attention from the outset which has never significantly diminished. In 1963 a visit to Egypt laid the foundations of a recurrent interest in Egyptian art. During the next decade Hockney travelled extensively and his work reflected his appetite for new environments and his capacity for exploring what he discovered. He lived in Paris in the early 1970s but has made California his home since then. Hockney's work has moved through a wide range of styles and he has throughout his career been fascinated by techniques and materials. He has explored the potential of acrylic, oil, crayon, pastel, pen, photography, stage design, moulded paper pulp, computer imaging and every kind of graphic medium. He has however always held a brief for the 'subject' in his work, contrary to the fashion for 'abstraction' and 'expressionism' with which he grew up. Prints have been a major preoccupation through most his working life and he has won a number of international graphic prizes. In the 1980s Hockney built up a new reputation for himself in the field of stage design.

Further reading:
David Hockney, David Hockney by David Hockney, Thames & Hudson, London 1976
David Hockney, That's the way I see it, Thames & Hudson, London 1993

www.royalacademy.org.uk

www.hockneypictures.com

Glossary (5)

  • Acrylic

    Modern synthetic paint that combines some of the properties of oils and watercolour. Most are water-based, although some are oil compatible, using turpentine as a thinner. When it became available to artists in America around 1936 it was the first new painting medium in centuries and has become a serious rival to oil paint because of its versatility. Acrylic paints can be used on nearly any surface. The water-based nature of acrylic paint allows for easy application and rapid drying time: acrylic paint dries in a matter of minutes, as opposed to the many months required for oil-based paints. Once the paint has been applied to a surface, the water evaporates, leaving behind the synthetic resin (and pigment), which is no longer water-soluble. Visually, acrylic-based paints can appear to be very similar to oil-based paints, but they cannot rival the rich, translucent nature of oils.

  • Design

    The arrangement of elements or details in an artefact or a work of art.

  • Medium

    Refers to either the material used to create a work of art, craft or design, i.e. oil, bronze, earthenware, silk; or the technique employed i.e. collage, etching, carving. In painting the medium refers to the binder for the pigment, e.g. oil, egg, acrylic dispersion. The plural form is media.

  • Oil

    A medium in which ground pigments are mixed to produce a paste or liquid that can be applied to a surface by a brush or other tool; the most common oil used by artists is linseed, this can be thinned with turpentine spirit to produce a thinner and more fluid paint. The oil dries with a hard film, and the brightness of the colour is protected. Oil paints are usually opaque and traditionally used on canvas.

  • Pastel

    A drawing medium of dried paste made of ground pigments and a water-based binder that is manufactured in crayon form. The term also refers to a picture or sketch drawn with this type of crayon.

Past exhibitions

WHEN BRITAIN WENT POP!

  • 2013
    • UK, Christie's Mayfair

HOMELANDS - A 21st CENTURY STORY OF HOME, AWAY AND ALL THE PLACES IN BETWEEN.

  • 2013
    • Pakistan, VM Gallery
    • Pakistan, The Zahoor ul Akhlaq Gallery at the National College of Arts
    • India, Bengaluru, NGMA
    • India, Mumbai, Dr Bhau Daji Lad Museum
    • India, Kolkata, The Harrington Street Arts Centre
    • Sri Lanka, Colombo, Lionel Wendt Gallery
    • India, Delhi, IGNCA
    • India, Delhi, IGNCA

HOCKNEY TO HOGARTH: A RAKE'S PROGRESS

  • 2012
    • UK, Manchester, Whitworth Art Gallery

FRANCIS BACON TO PAULA REGO: GREAT ARTISTS

  • 2012
    • UK, Kendal, Abbot Hall Art Gallery

PICASSO AND MODERN BRITISH ART

  • 2012
    • Scotland, Edinburgh, Scottish National Gallery Of Modern Art
    • UK, London, Tate Britain

MY CHOICE WORKS SELECTED BY PAULA REGO FROM THE BRITISH COUNCIL COLLECTION

  • 2011
    • Portugal, Coimbra, Univesidade de Coimbra, Casa de Caldeiras
    • Portugal, Edp Foundation
    • Portugal, Cascais, Casa Das Historias

LET US FACE THE FUTURE: ART BRITÀNIC 1945-1968

  • 2010
    • Spain, Barcelona, Fundacio Joan Miro

THRESHOLDS

  • 2012
    • Macedonia, Skopje, Museum Of Contemporary Art
    • Malta, Valletta, St James Cavalier Centre For Creativity
  • 2010
    • UK, London, Whitechapel Art Gallery

AS IS A WHEN (A SELECTION)

  • 2009
    • UK, Leeds, College Of Art And Design

AS IS WHEN (A SELECTION)

  • 2009
    • UK, Leeds, College Of Art And Design

DAVID HOCKNEY 1960-1968: A MARRIAGE OF STYLE

  • 2009
    • UK, Nottingham, Nottingham Contemporary

PASSPORTS. IN VIAGGIO CON L'ARTE

  • 2009
    • Italy, Milan, Padglione D'arte Contemporanea

ENCHANTED WORLDS ART OF FAIRY STORIES AND MERMAID TALES

  • 2009
    • UK, Preston, Harris Museum And Art Gallery

PASSPORTS: GREAT EARLY BUYS FROM THE BRITISH COUNCIL COLLECTION

  • 2009
    • UK, London, Whitechapel Art Gallery

A GUEST OF HONOUR: FROM FRANCIS BACON TO PETER DOIG

  • 2008
    • Austria, Salzburg, Museum Der Moderne

HOGARTH, HOCKNEY AND STRAVINSKY THE RAKE'S PROGRESS

  • 2006
    • Russia, St Petersburg, The Hermitage

DAVID HOCKNEY: NEW WAYS OF SEEING

  • 2006
    • Germany, Hamm, Gustav-Lubcke-Museum

METAMORPHOSIS: BRITISH ARTS OF THE SIXTIES

  • 2005
    • Greece, Andros, Basil And Elise Goulandris Foundation Museum Of Contemporary Art

AS IS WHEN A BOOM IN BRITISH PRINTMAKING 1961-1972

  • 2007
    • Ireland, Letterkenny, Glebe House and Gallery
    • China, Chongqing, Tank Loft
  • 2006
    • Taiwan, Taipei, Kundu Museum Of Fine Arts
    • Taiwan, Taichung, National Taiwan Museum Of Fine Arts
    • Poland, Krakow, Manggha Centre
  • 2005
    • Lithuania, Kaunas, Modern Art Museum
    • Lithuania, Siauliai, Dailes Galerija
    • Portugal, Porto, Culturgest
  • 2004
    • Italy, Rome, Istituzione Nazionale Per La Grafica
    • Romania, Cluj, Biblioteca Judeteana Octavian Goga
    • Romania, Timisoara, Faculty Of Fine Art
    • Romania, Palace Of Culture
    • Romania, Bucharest, National Museum Of Art
    • Romania, Constanta, Constanta Art Museum
    • Kazakhstan, Almaty, Central Exhibition Hall
    • Armenia, Yerevan, National Gallery
  • 2003
    • Estonia, Tallinn, Museum Of Contemporary Art

AS IS WHEN (LUBECK ONLY)

  • 2003
    • Germany, Lubeck, St Petri Kirche

EDITIONS ALECTO A FURY OF PRINTS ARTISTS' PRINTS AND MULTIPLES 1960-81

  • 2003
    • Scotland, Edinburgh, City Art Gallery
    • UK, London, Bankside Gallery
    • UK, Manchester, Whitworth Art Gallery

DAVID HOCKNEY: WORDS AND PICTURES

  • 2011
    • Korea, Seoul, National University Museum
  • 2007
    • Lithuania, Siauliai, Dailes Galerija
  • 2006
    • Lithuania, Klaipeda, Klaipeda Exhibition House
    • Lithuania, Kaunas, Ciulrionis Museum
  • 2005
    • Greece, Athens, Benaki Museum
  • 2004
    • Chile, Santiago, Museo Nacional De Bellas Artes
    • Colombia, Bogota, Mambo
  • 2002
    • Italy, Rome, Istituzione Nazionale Per La Grafica
    • France, Forcalquier, Couvent Des Cordeliers

DAVID HOCKNEY PAINTING 1960-2000

  • 2001
    • Denmark, Humlebaek, Louisiana Museum Of Modern Art
    • Germany, Bonn, Kunst Und Ausstellungshalle Der Bundersrepublik Deutschland

A CROSS SECTION THROUGH CONTEMPORARY BRITISH ART

  • 2001
    • Turkey, Ankara, Ankara Art Fair

160 ANS DE PHOTOGRAPHIE

  • 2001
    • France, Gravelines, Musee Du Dessin Et D'estample Originale

DRAWING DISTINCTIONS

  • 2003
    • Poland, Lodz, Museum Sztuki
  • 2001
    • UK, Nottingham, Castle Museum And Art Gallery
    • UK, Milton Keynes, Milton Keynes Gallery
    • Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, Museum Of Fine Arts
    • Russia, Moscow, Pushkin Museum Of Fine Arts
  • 2000
    • Russia, St Petersburg, The Hermitage
    • Canada, Yukon Art Gallery
    • Canada, Prairie Art Gallery
    • Canada, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • 1999
    • Canada, Timmins Museum And N E C
    • Canada, Arcadia University Art Gallery
  • 1998
    • Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, National Art Gallery
    • Malaysia, Penang, Penang State Museum And Art Gallery
  • 1997
    • USA, Phoenix, Arizona State University Art Museum
    • USA, Berkeley, University Art Museum

WEU PRESIDENCY EXHIBITIONS

  • 1995
    • Belgium, Brussels, Western European Union

OUT OF PRINT

  • 2001
    • Germany, Hildesheim, Roemer- Und Pelizaeue Museum
  • 1999
    • Poland, Bytom, Museum Gornoslaskie
    • Poland, Lodz, Museum Sztuki
    • Poland, Warsaw, National Museum
    • USA, Mary Washington College Galleries
  • 1998
    • USA, Springfield Museum Of Art
    • USA, New Jersey, Stedman Art Gallery, Rutgers State Univeristy Of New Jersey
  • 1997
    • USA, Provo, Museum Of Art Brigham Young University
  • 1996
    • Spain, La Coruna, Fondacion Barrie De La Maza
    • Spain, Seville, Museo De Bellas Artes
    • Spain, Bilbao, Museo De Bellas Artes De Bilbao
  • 1995
    • Cyprus, Nicosia, Nicosia Municipal Arts Centre
    • Egypt, Cairo, British Council Office - Cairo
    • Egypt, Alexandria, British Council Office - Alexandria
    • Italy, Naples, Naples
    • Italy, Cagliari, Assozione Culturale Italia Inghliterra
  • 1994
    • Belgium, Antwerp, Luchtbal Art Centre
    • France, Gravelines, Musee Du Dessin Et D'estample Originale

DAVID HOCKNEY: A DRAWING RETROSPECTIVE 1954-1994

  • 1996
    • USA, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum
  • 1995
    • UK, London, Royal Academy Of Arts
    • Germany, Hamburg, Hamburger Kunsthalle

MR & MRS CLARK & PERCY & RELATED DRAWINGS

  • 1995
    • UK, Manchester, Manchester City Art Gallery

LIFE INTO PAINT

  • 1992
    • Israel, Jerusalem, The Israel Museum
    • UK, London, Sothebys

THE RAKE'S PROGRESS - WILLIAM HOGARTH AND DAVID HOCKNEY

  • 1992
    • Malta, Valletta, Salon Of The Auberge De Provence
  • 1987
    • Colombia, Colombia
  • 1984
    • Portugal, Lisbon, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation
  • 1982
    • Belgium, Belgium
  • 1976
    • Brazil, Brazil
    • Chile, Chile
  • 1975
    • Argentina, Buenos Aires, British Council Office - Buenos Aires
  • 1971
    • Austria, Vienna, British Council Office - Vienna
  • 1966
    • France, France

FOR A WIDER WORLD

  • 1991
    • Argentina, Buenos Aires, Museo Nacional De Bellas Artes
    • Bulgaria, Sofia, Cyril Methodius Foundation
    • Belgium, Luxembourg, Musee National D'histoire Et D'art
  • 1990
    • Ussr, Kiev, Ukrainian Museum Of Fine Art

DAVID HOCKNEY

  • 1989
    • UK, London, Tate Gallery

CONTEMPORARY BRITISH DRAWINGS 1961-1975

  • 1989
    • Thailand, Chiangmai University Gallery
    • Thailand, Bangkok, Chulalongkorn University Art Centre
  • 1988
    • Singapore, National Museum Art Gallery
  • 1983
    • Australia, Australia
  • 1978
    • Germany, West Germany
  • 1976
    • Colombia, Colombia
    • Argentina, Buenos Aires, British Council Office - Buenos Aires
  • 1975
    • Brazil, Brazil

THE BLUE GUITAR

  • 1992
    • Ecuador, Cuenca, Museum Of Modern Art
    • Ecuador, Guayaquil, Museum Of Nahim Isaias
    • Ecuador, Quito, Art Forum
    • Ecuador, Loja, Central Bank Museum
  • 1990
    • Brazil, Brazil
  • 1989
    • Canada, Canada
  • 1984
    • Belgium, Belgium
  • 1982
    • Denmark, Denmark

DAVID HOCKNEY: A RETROSPECTIVE

  • 1989
    • UK, London, Tate Gallery
  • 1988
    • USA, New York, Metropolitan Museum Of Art
    • USA, Los Angeles, La Museum & Art Gallery

EL GRAN TEATRO DE DAVID HOCKNEY

  • 1984
    • Mexico, Mexico City, Museo Tamayo Arte Contemporaneo

HOCKNEY PAINTS THE STAGE

  • 1985
    • UK, London, Hayward Gallery
    • USA, San Francisco, Fine Arts Museum Of San Fransico
  • 1984
    • USA, Fort Worth, Museum Of Modern Art
    • USA, Chicago, Museum Of Contemporary Art
    • Canada, Art Gallery Of Ontario
    • Mexico, Mexico City, Museo Tamayo Arte Contemporaneo
  • 1983
    • USA, Minneapolis, Walker Art Center

HOCKNEY CAVAFY ETCHINGS

  • 1982
    • Netherlands, Leiden, Stedelijk Museum
    • Netherlands, Emmelord
    • Netherlands, Apeldoorn, Apeldoorn
    • Netherlands, Tilburg, Tilburg
  • 1981
    • Germany, Munich, Galerie Art & Music

ART AND MUSIC

  • 1981
    • Germany, Munich, British Council Office - Munich

BRITISH POSTERS 1890-1980

  • 1992
    • Brazil, Cuiaba
    • Brazil, Sao Paulo, Museu De Arte Moderna
    • Brazil, Rio De Janeiro
    • Brazil, Brasilia, British Council Office - Brasilia
    • Brazil, Belo Horizonte, Banco De Desenvolviment O De Minas Gerais
  • 1991
    • Brazil, Porto Allegre
    • Brazil, Recife, Shopping Centre
    • Brazil, Londrina, Catui Shopping Centre
    • Egypt, Egypt
  • 1990
    • Greece, British Council Office - Cyprus
    • Qatar, Qatar
  • 1989
    • Israel, Israel
    • Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    • Singapore, Singapore
    • Brunei, Brunei
  • 1986
    • Jordan, Jordan
  • 1985
    • Turkey, Guzel Sanatlar
    • Turkey, Turkey
    • Turkey, Ankara, Devlet Guzel Sanatlay Galerisi
  • 1984
    • India, Mumbai, British Council Office - Mumbai
    • India, New Delhi, New Delhi
    • India, Kolkata, Kolkata
  • 1983
    • India, Chennai, British Council Office - Chennai
    • Tunisia, Tunis, British Council Office - Tunis
    • Belgium, Belgium
  • 1982
    • Austria, Linz, Neue Galerie Der Stadt
    • New Zealand, Nelson, Suter Art Gallery
    • New Zealand, Christchurch Arts Centre
    • New Zealand, Cultural Centre
    • Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, British Council Office - Kuala Lumpur
    • Malaysia, Penang
    • Thailand, Bangkok, British Council Office - Bangkok
  • 1981
    • Korea, Design Centre
    • Korea, Cheongju University
    • Korea, Chosun University
    • Korea, Shinshin Gallery
    • Korea, Kaemyung University
    • Korea, Kukjae Building Gallery
    • Korea, Choheung Bank
    • Germany, Neue Berliner Galerie
    • Brunei, St Thomas School Hall
    • Philippines, British Council Centre
  • 1980
    • Canada, Eatons Department Store
    • Casa De La Cultura
  • 1979
    • Venezuela, Maracaibo, British Council Office - Maracaibo
    • Venezuela, Caracas, British Council Office - Venezuela
    • Uruguay, Uruguay
  • 1978
    • Mexico, Casa De La Cultura
    • Mexico, Galleria Chapultepec

ENGLISCHE KUNST DER GEGENWART

  • 1977
    • Austria, Bregenz, Kunstlerhaus Palais Thurn Und Taxis

LA PEINTURE BRITANNIQUE DE GAINSBOROUGH A BACON

  • 1977
    • France, Bordeaux, Galerie Des Beaux-Arts

FIGURATION AND FANTASY

  • 1980
    • Greece, British Council Office - Cyprus
  • 1978
    • Germany, West Germany
  • 1977
    • Netherlands, Netherlands
  • 1974
    • France, France

ARTE INGLESE OGGI 1960-76

  • 1976
    • Italy, Milan, Palazzo Reale

BRITISH ARTISTS PRINTS 1961-1970

  • 1979
    • Finland, Finland
  • 1977
    • Nigeria, Lagos, British Council Office - Lagos
  • 1975
    • Australia, Brisbane, Queensland Art Gallery
    • Mauritius, Mauritius
  • 1973
    • Malta, Valletta, National Museum Of Malta
  • 1972
    • Greece, Athens, Zoumboulakis Gallery
  • 1970
    • Iceland, Reykjavik, National Museum

DAVID HOCKNEY PAINTINGS AND DRAWINGS

  • 1974
    • France, Paris, Palais Du Louvre, Musee Des Art Decoratifs

DAVID HOCKNEY: GRIMMS' FAIRYTALES

  • 1997
    • Ukraine, Odessa, Museum Of Western And Eastern Art
    • Ukraine, Lviv, The Picture Gallery
  • 1996
    • USA, Long Beach, University Art Museum
  • 1991
    • Philippines, Manila, Metropolitan Museum
  • 1990
    • Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Galeri Wan
    • Malaysia, Penang, University Art Museum
  • 1989
    • Belgium, Belgium
    • Bulgaria, Bulgaria
  • 1988
    • Egypt, Egypt
    • Greece, British Council Office - Cyprus
  • 1987
    • Germany, West Germany
  • 1981
    • Finland, Finland
  • 1980
    • Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovakia

11 ENGLISCHE ZEICHNER

  • 1973
    • Belgium, Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum Voor Schone Kunsten
    • Germany, Bremen, Kunsthalle
    • Germany, Baden Baden, Kunsthalle

BRITISH PAINTINGS 1945-1970

  • 1972
    • Poland, Krakow, Museum Narodowe
    • Poland, Poznan, Museum Narodowe
    • Poland, Warsaw, Museum Narodwe Warszawie
    • Norway, Bergen, Kunstforeningen
    • Norway, Trondheim, Kunstforening
    • Norway, Oslo, Kunstnerforbundet

DAVID HOCKNEY PAINTING, PRINTS AND DRAWINGS 1960-1970

  • 1970
    • Yugoslavia, Belgrade, Museum Of Modern Art
    • Netherlands, Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen
    • Germany, Hannover, Kestner-Gesellschaft
    • UK, London, Whitechapel Art Gallery

BRITISH ARTISTS' PRINTS OF THE SIXTIES

  • 1975
    • Colombia, Colombia
    • Argentina, Buenos Aires, British Council Office - Buenos Aires
    • Chile, Chile
    • Brazil, Brazil
  • 1973
    • Spain, Madrid, Museo Espanol De Arte Contemporaneo
    • Portugal, Lisbon, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation
  • 1972
    • Belgium, Antwerp, International Cultureel Centrum
  • 1971
    • Belgium, Ghent, Koninklijke Acaemie Voor Schone Kunsten
  • 1970
    • Hong Kong, Hong Kong City Museum And Art Gallery
  • 1969
    • Japan, Kyoto, The National Museum Of Modern Art
    • India, New Delhi, Lalit Kala Akademi
    • Peru, Lima, Instituto Nacional De Cultura, Museo De Arte Italiano
  • 1968
    • Cuba, Havana, Galeria Centro De Arte
    • Mexico, Anglo-Mexican Institute
    • Mexico, Mexico City, Museo De Arte Moderno
    • Cuba, British Council Office - Havanna

BRITISH ARTISTS' PRINTS 1965-1968

  • 1970
    • Bangladesh, Bangladesh
  • 1969
    • Egypt, Alexandria, Museum Of Fine Arts
    • Egypt, Cairo, The Fine Arts Gallery Bab El Louk
    • Turkey, Istanbul, Academy Of Fine Arts
    • Various
    • Turkey, Ankara, State Fine Arts Gallery
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