Eric Ravilious (1903 − 1942)

Eric Ravilious was born in Eastbourne, Sussex; he studied at Eastbourne School of Art and the Royal College of Art, London. Ravilious taught for a time at the Royal College and at the Ruskin Drawing School in Oxford. His talents for design were many: he produced wood engravings for book illustrations, designed pottery and engraved glass, and through each of these media he insinuated a wry innocence, a sense of slight strangeness that characterises all of his work. In his watercolours he brought his 'innocent eye' to English rural subjects, bending rules so to speak to produce delicate fantasies out of well known entities such as greenhouses and watering cans. At the outbreak of war in 1939, he was appointed an Official War Artist, and produced an outstanding body of work from then until his death three years later in an air-crash off Iceland. The bizarre quality of war is made to look almost normal in Ravilious' strange juxtapositions of rainbows and mooring posts, dazzle-camouflage and piebald skies, coastal defences and stars appear to shoot from the ground rather than from the sky. A major retrospective of his work was shown at the Imperial War Museum, London in 2003.

Further reading:
Freda Constable, The England of Eric Ravilious, Scolar Press, London 1982
Helen Binyon, Eric Ravilious: memoir of an artist, Lutterworth, Guildford 1983
Eric Ravilious, Submarine Dream: lithographs and letters, edited by Brain Webb, introduction by Peyton Skipworth, The Camberwell Press, London 1996
Anne Ullmann, Ravilious at war: the complete works of Eric Ravilious, September 1939-September 1942. The Fleece press, Upper Denby 2002
Alan Powers, Eric Ravilious: Imagined RealitiesPhilip Wildon Publishers, London 2003
Eric Ravilious in Print: Books, Wood Engravings, Lithographs and Ceramics, Manchester Metropolitan University, 2004, introduction by Gaye Smith and Stephanie Boydell

www.ericravilious.co.uk

Glossary (2)

  • Design

    The arrangement of elements or details in an artefact or a work of art.

  • Drawing

    The depiction of shapes and forms on a flat surface chiefly by means of lines although colour and shading may also be included. Materials most commonly used are pencil, ink, crayon, charcoal, chalk and pastel, although other materials, including paint, can be used in combination.

Past exhibitions

OUT OF BRITAIN

  • 2013
    • Romania, Bucharest, National Museum Of Art
  • 2012
    • Oman, Muscat, Bait Al Zubair Museum
    • Kuwait, Kuwait City, Contemporary Art Platform
    • Saudi Arabia, Al Kohbar, Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Science & Technology Center
    • Saudi Arabia, Jeddah, Athr Gallery
    • Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, Riyadh National Museum

MY YARD - MUNSTERLAND FESTIVAL 2011

  • 2011
    • Germany, Kolvenburg

MY YARD

  • 2009
    • UK, London, Whitechapel Art Gallery

3 BY 1

  • 2009
    • UK, Farnham, Crafts Study Centre

ERIC RAVILIOUS IMAGINED REALITIES

  • 2003
    • UK, London, Imperial War Museum

DRAWING DISTINCTIONS

  • 2003
    • Poland, Lodz, Museum Sztuki
  • 2001
    • UK, Nottingham, Castle Museum And Art Gallery
    • UK, Milton Keynes, Milton Keynes Gallery
    • Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, Museum Of Fine Arts
    • Russia, Moscow, Pushkin Museum Of Fine Arts
  • 2000
    • Russia, St Petersburg, The Hermitage
    • Canada, Yukon Art Gallery
    • Canada, Prairie Art Gallery
    • Canada, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • 1999
    • Canada, Timmins Museum And N E C
    • Canada, Arcadia University Art Gallery
  • 1998
    • Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, National Art Gallery
    • Malaysia, Penang, Penang State Museum And Art Gallery
  • 1997
    • USA, Phoenix, Arizona State University Art Museum
    • USA, Berkeley, University Art Museum

THE PLEASURES OF PEACE MIDCENTURY ART & CRAFT

  • 1999
    • Scotland, Aberdeen, Aberdeen Art Gallery And Museum
    • Scotland, Aberdeen, Museum And Art Gallery
    • UK, Brighton, Brighton Museum and Art Gallery
    • UK, Norwich, Sainsbury Centre

THE ABSENT PRESENCE

  • 1991
    • UK, London, Geffrye Museum
    • UK, Sheffield, Graves Art Gallery

FOR A WIDER WORLD

  • 1991
    • Argentina, Buenos Aires, Museo Nacional De Bellas Artes
    • Bulgaria, Sofia, Cyril Methodius Foundation
    • Belgium, Luxembourg, Musee National D'histoire Et D'art
  • 1990
    • Ussr, Kiev, Ukrainian Museum Of Fine Art

ERIC RAVILIOUS 1903-41 A REASSESSMENT OF HIS LIFE AND WORK

  • 1987
    • UK, London, Crafts Council
  • 1986
    • UK, Bristol, Bristol Museum And Art Gallery
    • UK, Sheffield, Graves Art Gallery
    • UK, Durham, DLI Museum & Art Centre
    • UK, Eastbourne, Towner Art Gallery And Museum

BRITISH DRAWINGS AND WATERCOLOURS FROM ROWLANDSON TO RILEY

  • 1982
    • Scotland, Edinburgh, The Royal Scottish Academy
    • Hong Kong, Hong Kong Museum Of Art
    • China, Shenyang, Shenyang Art Gallery
    • China, Beijing, China Art Gallery

ERIC RAVILIOUS WATERCOLOURS 1940-42

  • 1979
    • UK, London, Imperial War Museum

ERIC RAVILIOUS 1903-1953

  • 1972
    • UK, Eastbourne, Towner Art Gallery And Museum
    • UK, London, The Morley Gallery
    • UK, Oxford, Ashmolean Museum
    • UK, Colchester, The Minories

ERIC RAVILIOUS

  • 1958
    • UK, Sheffield, Graves Art Gallery

CONTEMPORARY BRITISH PRINTS AND DRAWINGS FROM THE WAKEFIELD COLLECTION

  • 1950
    • Fiji, Suva, Fiji Arts Club
  • 1949
    • New Zealand, Hamilton, Waikato Museum Of Art & History
    • New Zealand, Rotorua, Society Of Arts
  • 1948
    • New Zealand, Auckland, Aukland City Art Gallery
    • New Zealand, Wellington, National Art Gallery
    • New Zealand, Napier, Napier
    • New Zealand, Wanganni
    • Australia, Brisbane, Queensland Art Gallery
    • Australia, Art Gallery Of New South Wales
  • 1947
    • Australia, Hobart, Hobart
    • Australia, Melbourne, Melbourne Royal Exhibition Building
    • Australia, Adelaide, Art Gallery Of South Australia
    • Australia, Perth, Art Gallery Of Western Australia
    • UK, London, Victoria And Albert Museum

BRITISH CONTEMPORARY PAINTERS

  • 1946
    • USA, Worcester, Wocester Art Museum
    • USA, St Louis, St Louis City Art Museum
    • USA, Buffalo, Albright Knox Art Gallery
    • USA, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum Of Art
    • Canada, Art Gallery Of Ontario
    • USA, San Francisco, California Palace/ Fine Arts Museum

MODERN PAINTINGS AND DRAWINGS BY BRITISH ARTISTS

  • 1943
    • UK, London, Ognisko Polskie (Polish Hearth) Belgrave Square
    • UK, London, Belgian Institute, Belgrave Square
    • UK, London, Czechoslovak Institute, Grosvenor Place

CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH WATERCOLOURS

  • 1943
    • Sweden, Malmo, Malmo Museum
    • Sweden, Stockholm, Nationalmusei
    • Sweden, Goteborg, Konstmuseum, Konsthallen

CONTEMPORARY BRITISH ART AND ENGRAVINGS

  • 1939
    • Sweden, Stockholm, Liljevalchs Konsthall
    • Finland, Konsthalle
    • Poland, Warsaw, Instytut Propagandy Sztuki
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