Sean Scully (1945 − )
Scully was born in Dublin, he moved with his family to London in 1949.. He studied first at Croydon College of Art, then at Newcastle University until 1972, when a fellowship took him to Harvard University. In 1975 he moved to the USA and has lived and worked in New York since then, spending summers in London. Scully's paintings of the early 1970's were characterised by a grid structure. Soaked and sprayed acrylic on canvas they were later to be replaced by hand-brushed oil paints and horizontal patterns of stripes.
Modern synthetic paint that combines some of the properties of oils and watercolour. Most are water-based, although some are oil compatible, using turpentine as a thinner. When it became available to artists in America around 1936 it was the first new painting medium in centuries and has become a serious rival to oil paint because of its versatility. Acrylic paints can be used on nearly any surface. The water-based nature of acrylic paint allows for easy application and rapid drying time: acrylic paint dries in a matter of minutes, as opposed to the many months required for oil-based paints. Once the paint has been applied to a surface, the water evaporates, leaving behind the synthetic resin (and pigment), which is no longer water-soluble. Visually, acrylic-based paints can appear to be very similar to oil-based paints, but they cannot rival the rich, translucent nature of oils.
A piece of cloth woven from flax, hemp or cotton fibres. The word has generally come to refer to any piece of firm, loosely woven fabric used to paint on. Its surface is typically prepared for painting by priming with a ground.
A medium in which ground pigments are mixed to produce a paste or liquid that can be applied to a surface by a brush or other tool; the most common oil used by artists is linseed, this can be thinned with turpentine spirit to produce a thinner and more fluid paint. The oil dries with a hard film, and the brightness of the colour is protected. Oil paints are usually opaque and traditionally used on canvas.
- Ireland, Letterkenny, Glebe House and Gallery
- Italy, Milan, Padglione D'arte Contemporanea
- Argentina, Buenos Aires, Museo Nacional De Bellas Artes
- Bulgaria, Sofia, Cyril Methodius Foundation
- Belgium, Luxembourg, Musee National D'histoire Et D'art
- Ussr, Kiev, Ukrainian Museum Of Fine Art
- France, Menton, Palais De L'europe
- France, Paris, Musee D'art Moderne De La Ville De Paris